Musicians can make money through various means, including:

  1. Live performances: This is one of the most common ways musicians make money. They perform live at concerts, festivals, clubs, and other venues, and get paid for their performance.
  2. Record sales and streaming royalties: Musicians can earn money from the sales and streams of their recorded music. This includes sales of physical copies of albums and singles, as well as digital downloads and streaming on platforms like Spotify, Apple Music, and YouTube.
  3. Merchandise sales: Musicians often sell merchandise such as t-shirts, posters, and other items with their logos or images on them at their concerts or online, which can provide a significant source of income.
  4. Licensing their music: Musicians can earn money by licensing their music for use in films, TV shows, commercials, and other media. This can include synchronization licenses for the use of their music in movies or TV shows, or mechanical licenses for the reproduction of their music on physical media like CDs or vinyl.
  5. Publishing royalties: Musicians can also earn money through publishing royalties, which are payments for the use of their music in various forms, including sheet music, digital sheet music, and songbooks.
  6. Crowdfunding: Many musicians use crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter, Patreon, or GoFundMe to raise funds for their projects or recordings.
  7. Teaching: Musicians who are skilled in playing an instrument or singing can earn money by teaching their skills to others. This can be done through private lessons, music schools, or online tutoring platforms.
  8. Session work: Musicians can earn money by providing their services as session musicians, playing on recordings or live performances for other artists.
  9. Endorsements and sponsorships: Musicians who are popular or have a significant following can earn money through endorsements and sponsorships with brands that align with their image or style. This can include clothing brands, musical equipment manufacturers, and more.

Overall, the ways in which musicians make money can vary depending on their popularity, skill level, and business acumen, among other factors.